Reformation Conference Cavite 2022

Last October 29, 2022, the reformed and reforming churches in Cavite, Philippines held a reformation conference with the theme: Our Solid Rock: Sola Scriptura and its Modern Challenges.


Here are the recorded sessions. Enjoy!

Session 1: Gender Equality and Women Empowerment – Ptr. Joseph Mangahas

The Biblical view on gender and sexuality is what’s fiercely under attack today. To be silent here is to compromise!

A Christian commitment to Sola Scriptura will draw from the Genesis-Narratives of the Beginning for the formation of the church’s stance relating matters of gender and sex!

Session 2 Marriage and Family – Ptr. Emman Tamargo

Various distortions of God’s design must be confronted by the reality of His law.

“The emerging development of society and government that eventually distorts God’s intention on marriage and family is an urgent cry for Sola Scriptura!”

Session 3 Church and Government – Ptr. Ramen Caliwag

Reject the attitude of either treating politics as unimportant or obsessing too much over it.

The Reformation, with its Sola Scriptura, provided us the path toward the gradual attainment of a mature understanding on church and state relationship.

To God be the glory!

The Baptist Catechism

Recently, I’ve been trying to understand why there are different versions and what really are the contents of the Baptist Catechism which is also known as “Keach Catechism.” I made some quick research on this and asked other reformed baptist brethren who might have knowledge about the Catechism. I found out that there are at least two commonly used versions of the Baptist Catechism. They are the 1693 and 1695 editions.

Here are the links to the two editions of Baptist Catechism:

Here are the differences between these two editions:

  • The number of questions. 1693 has 118, while 1695 has 114 only.
  • The 1695 edition changed the second question from “What is the chief end of man?” to “Ought every one to believe there is a God?”
  • Omissions on the 1695 edition.
    • 5. How do we know that the Bible is the Word of God?
    • 89. What then is the purpose of the law since the fall?
    • 99. Wherein do Baptism and the Lord’s Supper differ from the other ordinances of God?
    • 105. What is the visible church?
    • 106. What is the invisible church?
  • Addition to the 1695 edition
    • 103. Who are the proper subjects of this ordinance?

If you wish to memorize the catechism, I prefer 1695 since there are accompanying songs that make them easy to memorize. The catechism is important according to John Piper so that we may “continue in the faith, stable and steadfast” (Col. 1:23) and be urged to “attain to the unity of the… knowledge of the Son of God…so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried about by every wind of doctrine” (Eph. 4:13-14).

To God be the glory!

Understanding Water Baptism

Today, our church witnessed the baptism of one of our regular attendees. He submitted himself to Christ by becoming part of the local church. He will be formally accepted on Sunday once he commits himself to the LORD and His church through the membership covenant. Here are the notes from our pastor’s message which can help us the essence and reason for Baptism.

Baptism is the Christian’s coming out celebration when his faith goes public. He is now a slave of Christ and he identifies Himself with Christ.

The Nature of Salvation

First, there is something to acknowledge. An acknowledgment of one’s sinfulness and guilt. His inability to save himself from the slavery of sin. He should also acknowledge his desperate need for a Savior. The requirement of perfect righteousness and sacrifice is too high for one soul to fulfill on his own. It must come from outside oneself.

Second, there is something to believe. One must believe that Jesus Christ alone is the Savior, truly God and truly man, who is powerful to save, and able to stand on behalf of sinful man as a man. Christ is able to save to the uttermost.

Third, there is something to consider. We must count the cost of following Christ (Matthew 7: There is an element of denying oneself, taking up one’s cross daily, and following Christ.

To fight against God and His Christ is vanity (Psalm 2). Jesus Christ is the Superior King. None who contends against the Almighty can triumph! Blessed is the man who cast his weapon of warfare against the LORD and surrender to Him.

Fourth, there is something to do. There is an element of doing. One must personally repent of his sin and come to Christ in the way of faith.

The New Testament teaches that our personal commitment to the LORD must be demonstrated publicly. Salvation is a covenantal union with the LORD, and none who commits to this covenant with be ashamed to stand and demonstrate His faith publicly (Mt 28:19).

The Essence of Baptism

What Baptism is not?

It is not saving. It is not the washing away of one’s sin by water. None can be saved by works, including water baptism. Eph 2:8-9, Rom 1:17, Rom 3:25. The cleansing of one’s sin is not performed in baptism but only pictured or illustrated.

It is not insignificant. This is an overreaction to baptismal regeneration. The NT assumed that believers are baptized. The early church believers demonstrated their union with Christ through baptism (Gal 3:26-27, Rom 6:1, Col 2:11-12).

What Baptism is?
It is a public picture of salvation and union with Christ. Rom 6:1-5. The baptized person declares that he possessed the glorious salvation in Christ.

According to the Baptist Catechism (1695 edition), Question #97, answers the question, "What is baptism?" Baptism is an ordinance of the New Testament instituted by Jesus Christ, to be unto the party baptized a sign of his fellowship with him, in his death, burial, and resurrection; of his being ingrafted into him;⁠¹⁠ of remission of sins;⁠²⁠ and of his giving up himself unto God through Jesus Christ, to live and walk in newness of life.⁠³⁠
¹ Romans 6:3–5; Colossians 2:12; Galatians 3:27
² Mark 1:4; Acts 2:38, 22:16
³ Romans 6:3-4

To be a member of the New Covenant is through spiritual regeneration. It is a public covenantal ceremony. It is a prerequisite to the covenantal meal.

The Reason for Baptism

It is commanded by God (Mt 28:19). Baptism is not an option but an obligation. Since Jesus is our Savior, we want to obey Him.

It is practiced by the NT Church (Acts 2:37-41, 8:12). Acts 11:14 precludes infant baptism since it necessitates that the Word must be heard to be saved. Infants can’t actively hear the Word preached. This is similar to Acts 16:33-34 since the jailor believed together with his household. Lastly, in Acts 19:5, they heard, believed, and confessed the good news, and were baptized.

Have you been converted? There is no such thing as a secret disciple of Christ. You must come out and celebrate your salvation publicly and be with the people of God.

An unbaptized Christian is a walking contradiction and impossibility.

You can’t help it but stand up for Christ who freed you from the slavery of sin and saved you from the wrath of God.

To God be the glory!

Herald of Grace Apologetics Presents Baptist Catechism: #1 Sino ang Lumikha Sa’yo?

Kaya’t nilalang ng Diyos ang tao ayon sa kanyang sariling larawan, ayon sa larawan ng Diyos siya nilalang. Sila’y kanyang nilalang na lalaki at babae.

Genesis 1:27

Mahalagang malaman at maunawaan ng lahat ng tao kung “Sino” ang lumikha sa atin. Hindi sinabi ng katekismo na “ano” ang lumikha sa atin, bagaman Siya ang Makapangyarihang Diyos. Binibigyang diin dito na “person” ang lumikha sa atin na maaari nating makilala sa Bibliya at makausap sa panalangin, at hindi isang force, puwersa o bagay lang. Dahil may pag-iisip ang lumikha sa atin at ating sinasalamin ang Kanyang katangian bilang Kanyang nilikha, ito’y nagpapakita na hindi lamang Niya tayo basta-bastang nilikha. Ngunit tayo’y ginawa Niya ng may pag-iingat ayon sa Kanyang marunong at matuwid na layunin.

Kilala ang katuruan tungkol sa ‘evolution’ na nagsasabing walang lumikha sa tao at nagmula lang sa mga unggoy na nag-evolve lang din mula sa mga bacteria. Na tayo’y bigla na lang sumulpot sa mundong ito ng walang partikular na layunin sa buhay. Taliwas ito sa malinaw na katuruan ng Bibliya na mayroong Manlilikha. Ipinahayag Niya ang Kanyang sarili sa sangnilikha at Siya ay nagpakilala sa pamamagitan ng mga propeta, apostol at higit sa lahat, ng Kanyang Nag-iisang Anak na si Hesu-Kristo. Siya ang nagbigay ng buhay at dahilan kung bakit naririto tayo sa mundo.

Binibigyang diin sa Genesis na tayo’y nilkha ayon sa wangis at larawan ng Diyos. Ito ay nangangahulugan na ang mga tao ay may dignidad, mayroong rasyonal at moral katangian, at di dapat ibilang sa mga hayop. Nabasa din natin na may dalawang kasariaan lamang ng tao ang nilikha ng Diyos: lalaki at babae, ayon sa Salita ng Diyos.

Ang tanong na ito ay nagtuturo sa atin na magpasalamat, magpakumbaba at magpasakop sa Kanya na lumikha sa atin. Ang Diyos ang Dakilang Manlilikha at tayo ay Kanyang mga nilikha.

Sa Diyos ang papuri!

Love is…

Today is the church wedding ceremony of our two church covenant members (Harry and Flor). It’s always been a joyous moment to see two sinners united as one in a covenant of marriage as instituted by the LORD.

Let me share my notes from our pastor’s message taken from 1 Corinthians 13:4-7:

Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.
(1Co 13:4-7)

“Marriage is not only the union of man and woman but also the union of sinful man and woman. Hence, we need the grace of God in Christ.”

If loving one another is one of the most important things in a couple’s relationship, then how do you love your spouse…

  • In those areas where the other is unlovable? In the things that you take differently? In times when God’s providence seems so dark?
  • Love is the greater way.
  • verses 1-3 explain the importance of love
  • verses 4-7 define true love

# 1 The General Qualities of Love

  • Patience and kindness are foundational in love.
    a. Patience – Since patience/long-suffering is one of the most foundational definitions of love, it means that loving your spouse can be very difficult at times.
  • This mirrors God’s attribute of being slow to anger or forbearance.
  • In marriage, we are willing to suffer because our Savior endured for us even to the point of death.
  • God is at work in each one of us.
  • The problem starts when we desire immediate changes. We can’t simply demand an immediate change in our spouses. We must trust God’s process of sanctifying one another through marriage, a daily life of sacrificial love.
  • “Restlessness and impatience change nothing except our peace and joy.” – E. Elliot
  • Marriage will succeed if you will develop intimacy with each other.
    b. Kindness – You exercise patience, and at the same time you show care to your partner.
  • It is unkind to always talk about each other’s defects.
  • If you want to communicate something to your spouse, do it in a gentle way.

“Unless there be a joining of heart and a knitting of affections together, it is not marriage in deed, but in show and name, and they shall dwell in a house like two poisons in a stomach, and one shall ever be sick of another.”

Henry Smith (1560–91)

# 2 The General Spheres of Love

a. Relationship with oneself v. 4-5a

  • Love is not jealous – There is no reason to be jealous if someone flirts with your spouse unless your spouse flirts back.
  • Love is not boastful – it is always a display of humble service to the LORD for one another
  • Love is not puffed up – not seeing one’s own weakness
  • Love is not acting unbecomingly
  • Love is not seeking its own – Ask your wife, “Do you feel that I love you next to God?” Her perception is the reality. Ask your husband, “Do you feel I respect and honor you as commanded by the LORD?

b. Relationship with others v. 5b – 6

  • Love is not easily provoked – It covers multitudes of sins.
  • Love thinks no evil – Your emotion at present can be affected by your memories of years ago.
  • Love does not rejoice in wrongdoing but rejoice in truth – Don’t make fun of your spouse.

c. Relationship with the LORD v. 7

  • Submit to one another in the fear of God
  • Love believes all things – Let us give to our spouse what we receive from the LORD.
  • Love hopes all things – our hope is in Christ who loves us.
  • Love endures all things – the fact of the couple’s sinfulness demands endurance.
  • We can’t do all these things on our own.
  • “Marriage is not only the union of man and woman but also the union of sinful man and woman. Hence, we need the grace of God in Christ.”

To God be the glory!

HGA Episode 3. Book Review On Van TIl’s Apologetic by Greg Bahnsen

The unbeliever attempts to enlist logic, science, and morality in his debate against the truth of Christianity. Van Til’s apologetic answers these attempts by arguing that only the truth of Christianity can rescue the meaningfulness and cogency of logic, science, and morality. The presuppositional challenge to the unbeliever is guided by the premise that only the Christian worldview provides the philosophical preconditions necessary for man’s reasoning and knowledge in any field whatever.

Bahnsen, Greg L. Van Til’s Apologetic : Readings and Analysis. Phillipsburg, P. & R. Publ, 1998.

Listen to our podcast as we discuss and review (Taglish) Greg Banhsen’s Van Til’s Apologetics on the following heading:

1.1 A Question of Ultimate Commitment

1.2 An Epistemologically Self-Conscious Apologetic

1.3 Arguing from the Impossibility of the Contrary

In this podcast, we also explained the Impossibility of the Contrary in layman’s terms.

To God be the glory!

The Curious Sinner and the Seeking Saviour

Date: January 22, 2023
Sermon Text: Lucas 19:1-10
Preacher: Bro. Jay

Message: No sinner, even if his wickedness reaches the heavens, is sinful enough to be outside the bounds of the Seeking Saviour’s reach.

For us to further understand this narrative, we’ll take a look at the circumstances surrounding this narrative.

I. What prevented him to come to Christ

a. His vocational hindrance – he’s a publican
b. His moral hindrance – he’s a sinner
Point: Even for the most outwardly and inwardly defiled man like Zacchaeus, Christ is abounding in grace, ready to share a meal with him.

II. What pushed him to come to Christ

c. A desire to see Jesus – His desire to see Jesus was, I believe, out of mere curiosity. But this curiosity was overruled when His heart was quickened.
d. An effort to see Jesus – A wealthy publican climbing a tree after running the road, in order to see a religious teacher, will doubtless call forth mockery!
e. A willingness to obey Jesus – Christ commanded Him to quickly come down. And he did so…. Not grudgingly… but with gladness.


  • Since Zacchaeus is an outcast, this may be the first time that a righteous person invited himself to come and stay in his house.
  • Not one Jew would commune with the chief of robbers and extortionists. Yet we see Christ rejoicing in finding a lost sheep!

III. What pledge he gave to Christ

f. A great confession – “Behold, Lord…”
g. A great resolution – He resolved to express his repentance by giving back more than what he lawlessly took. Zacchaeus climbed the sycamore tree as a curious sinner. But he went down a converted saint.
h. A great truth heralded – To be called “Son of Abraham” means just like him, righteousness is accounted to you for your faith.

“The only reason why we seek God is because He already sought us.”


  • Converted sinners will always give evidence of their conversion.
  • Your confession is worth absolutely worth nothing if the fruit is absent.

Challenge: As you examine yourself, do you see evidence/s of your confession? Do see God’s power working in you to conform you to His Son?


  • The compassion of Christ towards sinners and His power to change hearts is free.
  • If there was a soul sought and saved, without having done anything to deserve it, that soul was the soul of Zacchaeus.
  • There is no salvation without Christ being confessed as Lord.
  • There is no true conversion where true repentance is absent.
  • God receives all the honor in a sinner’s salvation because He does the work from the start to finish.

To believers:    
Let us leave the door of gospel wide open just as we found it. We must never be afraid to proclaim that Christ is able to save to the uttermost.
– Let us offer the gospel boldly to the worst of all sinners and say: Gaano man kapula ang inyong mga kasalanan, kayo’y papuputiin, tulad ng niyebe!
– Let us not despise mere spectators and “just curious” hearers. Find encouragement by remembering what God did to Zacchaeus.

To the unbelievers [Call to repentance]:

  • Our Lord never changes. What He did for Zacchaeus, he can do for you.
  • You are never too bad to be saved. You are not beyond the power of Christ’s grace.
  • If you do not confess that Jesus is Lord now, He shall make you confess your sins before angels and the heavenly hosts, and condemn you for it, when He comes in the glory of His Father to judgment hereafter.

To God alone be the glory!

Listen to the full sermon here.

Sampung Tulong Laban sa mga Plano ni Satanas # 1

At ito ay aming ginagawa upang huwag kaming malamangan ni Satanas, sapagkat kami ay hindi mangmang tungkol sa kanyang mga balak.

2 Corinto 2:11

Kung si Satanas ay may napakaraming paraan at estratehiya upang bitagin at wasakin ang kaluluwa ng mga tao; sa halip na pagbulayan na kaunti lamang ang ligtas, tayo’y umupo at pagbulayan na mayroong naliligtas, na mayroong nakakatakas sa mga patibong ng tusong mandaragit, na ikinakalat ang kanyang lambat at inihahagis ang kanyang mga pain saan mang lugar, sa lahat ng pagkakataon.

Ito ang ilan sa mga tuntunin at tulong laban sa pakana ng Kaaway.

#1 Lumakad ayon sa Tuntunin ng Salita ng Diyos

Ang unang tulong.

Kung ikaw ay hindi mahuhulog sa anumang mga pakana ni Satanas, ikaw ay lumakad sa tuntunin ng salita ng Diyos (Pro 12:24; Gal 6:16). Siyang lumalakad sa tuntunin ay lumalakad nang may pag-iingat; siyang lumalakad sa tuntunin ay lumalakad nang may dangal; siyang lumalakad sa tuntunin ay lumalakad nang may katamisan.

Sa tuwing tinatapon ng mga tao ang Salita, sila ay itatapon ng Diyos, at kukunin ni Satanas ang kanilang kamay, at sila’y dadalhin sa kanyang patibong ayon sa kanyang kagustuhan.

Siyang nag-iisip na mas mahusay pa kaysa sa pamunuan ng Salita ay magiging masyadong masama para ariin ng Diyos. At kung siya ay hindi aariin ng Diyos–ang Kaaway, sa pamamagitan ng kanyang pamamaraan, ang magpapabagsak sa kanya.

Silang nag-iingat ng tuntunin ay maiingatan sa oras ng tukso.

Pahayag 3:10

Sapagkat tinupad mo ang salita ng aking pagtitiis, ikaw naman ay aking iingatan sa oras ng pagsubok na darating sa buong daigdig, upang subukin ang mga naninirahan sa ibabaw ng lupa.

*Ito ay salin ng isinulat ni Thomas Brooks mula sa Free Grace Broadcaster: Satan and His Deception mula sa aklat ni Thomas Brooks na Precious Remedies against Satan’s Devices

Ang larawan sa blog na ito ay mula sa Pexels.com

Ang Diyos ay Diyos!

Ito ay bagong blog ng aking kaibigang si Richard Chavez tungkol sa kahalagahan na malaman ang katangian ng Diyos.

“Kapag sinasabi nating ang Diyos ay Diyos, ang ibig sabihin nito’y tayo’y tulad ng luwad (clay), at Siya ang manggagawa ng palayok at hinuhubog Niya ang palayok ayon sa Kanyang nais.”


Ang Diyos ay Diyos!

Sa kasalukuyang panahon, sa mga paaralan, sa social media, sa telebisyon, sa radyo at nakalulungkot mang sabihin, kahit pa sa mga pulpito ng simbahan ay walang ibang pinagmamalaki, ibinibida at pinag-uusapan kundi ang husay, lakas, galing, pagiging disiplinado at mga achievements o attained “glory” ng tao.

Ang tao ang lumagay sa trono, nagsilbing hari at mga panginoon at ang Diyos ay unti-unting binura sa kanilang corrupted na isipan.

Sa halip na paniwalaan ang pagkaDiyos ng Diyos ay mas pinaniwalaan at sinunod ang kasinungalingan ni Satanas na nagsasabing “Kayo’y magiging kagaya ng Diyos”

Ang Diyos ay Diyos. Iyan ang katotohanan.

Kapag sinasabi nating ang Diyos ay Diyos, ang ibig sabihin nito’y tayo’y tulad ng luwad (clay), at Siya ang manggagawa ng palayok at hinuhubog Niya ang palayok ayon sa Kanyang nais.

Kapag sinasabi nating ang Diyos ay Diyos, ang ibig sabihin nito’y Siya lamang ang nasa trono…

View original post 120 more words

Presuppositional Apologetics’ Links: Early January 2023

Greek New Testament Meditations: John 6 (Tagalog)

Matutuo ng Biblical Greek sa pagbubulay nito.”

Ngayon araw, ang ating babasahin ay John 6.

Mag-review tayo ng ilang konsepto ng Koine Greek:

Noun: Number

Kapag ating pinag-uusapan ang bilang o “number” ng isang pangngalan o “noun”, sinasabi natin kung ito ay isahan (singular) o maramihan “plural”

Sa Ingles, ang maramihan ay makikita sa pagdagdag ng “s” o “es” sa dulo ng salita: girl → girls; box → boxes.

Sa Griyego, ito ay naipapakita sa ibang “ending”. Sa John 6, makikita natin ang ilang halimbawa nito:

  • μαθητής (disciple) → …μαθηταὶ (disciples)… (John 6:16 SBL)
  • Ἰουδαῖος (Jew) → …Ἰουδαῖοι (Jews)… (John 6:41 SBL)
  • ἀνήρ (man) → …ἄνδρες (men)… (John 6:10 SBL)

Sa John 6:10, ginamit ang plural ng ἀνήρ upang tukuyin ang dami ng kalalakihan na pinaupo ni Hesus. Hindi binanggit dito ni Juan ang sinabi ni Matthew na sa 5,000, hindi pa kasama ang mga babae at mga bata. Ito’y nakakamangha, walang nagutom at silang lahat ay nabusog …ἐνεπλήσθησαν…  (John 6:12 SBL).

Tiyak na ito ay isang pagpapamalas ni Hesus ng Kanyang kaluwalhatian sa pamamagitan ng himala tulad sa ikalawang kabanata. Kaya ito ay tumungo sa konklusyon ng mga tao na si Hesus ay tunay …ἀληθῶς…  (John 6:14 SBL) na propeta na dumating sa sanlibutan.

Tunay na si Hesus ang tinapay ng Buhay … Ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ἄρτος τῆς ζωῆς…  (John 6:35 SBL) at ang sinumang lumalapit sa Kanya ay di kailanman magugutom …οὐ μὴ πεινάσῃ…  (John 6:35 SBL). Muli ginamit ni Juan ang “emphatic negation” dito (οὐ μὴ + aorist subjunctive). Ang lahat na nanganganlong kay Hesus ay pupunuin Niya ng Kanyang espirituwal na probisyon.

Sa Diyos lamang ang kapurihan!

*Ang mga salitang may asterisk ( * ) ay transliterasyon ng salitang griyego na sinundan nito.

Bisitahin ang loveGreek para sa ilang Greek New Testament concepts review.