Of The Holy Scriptures and Apologetics 2

The YouTube video is available here.

1 Peter 3:15 15 but in your hearts honor Christ the Lord as holy, always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you; yet do it with gentleness and respect

[John Frame Apologetics: A Justification of Christian Belief] – “The apologist must be a believer in Christ, committed to the lordship of Christ (cf. Rom. 10:9; 1 Cor. 12:3; Phil. 2:11). Once we have made the distinction between God’s Word and the imaginations of our own hearts (Gen. 6:5), God calls us to live according to the former. God’s Word is true (therefore dependable), though every human authority may lie (Rom. 3:4). If we adopt the Word of God as our ultimate commitment, our ultimate standard, our ultimate criterion of truth and falsity, God’s Word then becomes our “presupposition.” That is to say, since we use it to evaluate all other beliefs, we must regard it as more certain than any other beliefs.”

Basics of Apologetics
Definitions:
Apologetics (which has nothing to do with “apologizing”) seeks to serve God and the church by helping believers to carry out the mandate of 1 Peter 3:15–16. We may define it as the discipline that teaches Christians how to give a reason for their hope.
Van Til himself defined it as “the vindication of the Christian philosophy of life against the various forms of the non-Christian philosophy of life.” Apologetics, Chapter 1, P1.

Presuppositions
 beliefs or proposition that is held to be true even before any argumentation happens.
 These are the things that we already believe.
 A presupposition is something assumed or supposed in advance… One could say that to ‘presuppose’ is to conclude something before the investigation is commenced.” A presupposition is not proved by anything else more ultimate. For purposes of reaching answers to fundamental questions, a presupposition is “a belief over which no other takes precedence.”

Worldview
 In a general sense it is an overall view of the world or how we see the world.
 More specifically, it is a summation or a network of our presuppositions about reality through which we interpret or evaluate facts.

Three Aspects of Apologetics by John Frame

Apologetics as proof: presenting a rational basis for faith or “proving Christianity to be true.” Jesus and the apostles often offered evidence to people who had difficulty believing that the gospel was true.
 John 20:25 Unless I see in his hands the mark of the nails, and place my finger into the mark of the nails, and place my hand into his side, I will never believe.”
 Note: John 14:11; 20:24–31; 1 Cor. 15:1–11. Believers themselves sometimes doubt, and at that point, apologetics becomes useful for them even apart from its role in dialogue with unbelievers. That is to say, apologetics confronts unbelief in the believer as well as in the unbeliever.

Apologetics as defense: answering the objections of unbelief. Paul describes his mission as “defending and confirming the gospel” (Phil. 1:7 NIV; cf. v. 16).
 Philippians 1:15-16 15 Some indeed preach Christ from envy and rivalry, but others from good will. 16 The latter do it out of love, knowing that I am put here for the defense of the gospel.
 Much of Paul’s writing in the New Testament is apologetic in this sense. Think of how many times he responds to imaginary (or real) objectors in his letter to the Romans. Think of how often Jesus deals with the objections of religious leaders in the Gospel of John.

Apologetics as offense: attacking the foolishness of unbelieving thought (Ps. 14:1; 1 Cor. 1:18–2:16).
 2 Corinthians 10:5 5 We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ,
 Non-Christian thinking is “folly” (ESV), or “foolishness” (NIV), according to Scripture (1 Cor. 1:18–2:16; 3:18–23), and one function of apologetics is to expose that foolishness for what it is.

To God be the Glory!


Prepared by Jordan Ravanes
References: Apologetics: A Justification of Christian Belief by John Frame; Christian Apologetics by Cornelius Van Til; https://defenseofaith.wordpress.com/2015/12/25/ultimate-presupposition/ Pat’s Article;

Published by Jeff Chavez

Sinner saved by grace

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